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  MOSES: A Novel Observation System to Monitor Dynamic Events Across Earth Compartments

Weber, U., Attinger, S., Baxchek, B., Boike, J., Borchardt, D., Brix, H., Brüggemann, N., Bussmann, I., Dietrich, P., Fischer, P., Greinert, J., Hajnsek, I., Kamjunke, N., Kerschke, D., Kiendler-Scharr, A., Körtzinger, A., Kottmeier, C., Merz, B., Merz, R., Riese, M., Schloter, M., Schmid, H., Schnitzler, J.-P., Sachs, T., Schütze, C., Tillmann, R., Vereecken, H., Wieser, A., Teutsch, G. (2022): MOSES: A Novel Observation System to Monitor Dynamic Events Across Earth Compartments. - Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 103, 2, E339-E348.
https://doi.org/10.1175/BAMS-D-20-0158.1

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 Creators:
Weber, Ute1, Author
Attinger, Sabine1, Author
Baxchek, Burkard1, Author
Boike, Julia1, Author
Borchardt, Dietrich1, Author
Brix, Holger1, Author
Brüggemann, Nicolas1, Author
Bussmann, Ingeborg1, Author
Dietrich, Peter1, Author
Fischer, Philipp1, Author
Greinert, Jens1, Author
Hajnsek, Irena1, Author
Kamjunke, Norbert1, Author
Kerschke, D.2, Author              
Kiendler-Scharr, Astrid1, Author
Körtzinger, Arne1, Author
Kottmeier, Christoph1, Author
Merz, B.3, Author              
Merz, Ralf1, Author
Riese, Martin1, Author
Schloter, Michael1, AuthorSchmid, HaPe1, AuthorSchnitzler, Jörg-Peter1, AuthorSachs, T.4, Author              Schütze, Claudia1, AuthorTillmann, Ralf1, AuthorVereecken, Harry1, AuthorWieser, Andreas1, AuthorTeutsch, Georg1, Author more..
Affiliations:
1External Organizations, ou_persistent22              
27.5 Centre for Geoinformation Technology, 7.0 Geoservices, Departments, GFZ Publication Database, Deutsches GeoForschungsZentrum, ou_44023              
34.4 Hydrology, 4.0 Geosystems, Departments, GFZ Publication Database, Deutsches GeoForschungsZentrum, ou_146048              
41.4 Remote Sensing, 1.0 Geodesy, Departments, GFZ Publication Database, Deutsches GeoForschungsZentrum, ou_146028              

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 Abstract: MOSES (Modular Observation Solutions for Earth Systems) is a novel observation system that is specifically designed to unravel the impact of distinct, dynamic events on the long-term development of environmental systems. Hydro-meteorological extremes such as the recent European droughts or the floods of 2013 caused severe and lasting environmental damage. Modelling studies suggest that abrupt permafrost thaw events accelerate Arctic greenhouse gas emissions. Short-lived ocean eddies seem to comprise a significant share of the marine carbon uptake or release. Although there is increasing evidence that such dynamic events bear the potential for major environmental impacts, our knowledge on the processes they trigger is still very limited. MOSES aims at capturing such events, from their formation to their end, with high spatial and temporal resolution. As such, the observation system extends and complements existing national and international observation networks, which are mostly designed for long-term monitoring. Several German Helmholtz Association centers have developed this research facility as a mobile and modular “system of systems” to record energy, water, greenhouse gas and nutrient cycles on the land surface, in coastal regions, in the ocean, in polar regions, and in the atmosphere – but especially the interactions between the Earth compartments. During the implementation period (2017-2021), the measuring systems were put into operation and test campaigns were performed to establish event-driven campaign routines. With MOSES’ regular operation starting in 2022, the observation system will then be ready for cross-compartment and cross-discipline research on the environmental impacts of dynamic events.

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 Dates: 20222022
 Publication Status: Finally published
 Pages: -
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 Rev. Type: -
 Identifiers: DOI: 10.1175/BAMS-D-20-0158.1
GFZPOF: p4 T5 Future Landscapes
GFZPOFCCA: p4 CTA MOSES
OATYPE: OA other
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Title: Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society
Source Genre: Journal, SCI, Scopus
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Pages: - Volume / Issue: 103 (2) Sequence Number: - Start / End Page: E339 - E348 Identifier: CoNE: https://gfzpublic.gfz-potsdam.de/cone/journals/resource/journals58
Publisher: American Meteorological Society (AMS)