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  Storm Time Depletions of Multi‐MeV Radiation Belt Electrons Observed at Different Pitch Angles

Drozdov, A. Y., Aseev, N., Effenberger, F., Turner, D. L., Saikin, A. A., Shprits, Y. (2019): Storm Time Depletions of Multi‐MeV Radiation Belt Electrons Observed at Different Pitch Angles. - Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, 124, 11, 8943-8953.
https://doi.org/10.1029/2019JA027332

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Item Permalink: https://gfzpublic.gfz-potsdam.de/pubman/item/item_5001960 Version Permalink: https://gfzpublic.gfz-potsdam.de/pubman/item/item_5001960_2
Genre: Journal Article

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Preprint at the Earth and Space Science Open Archive (ESSOAr)

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 Creators:
Drozdov, Alexander Yurievich1, Author
Aseev, N.2, Author              
Effenberger, F.2, Author              
Turner, Drew L.1, Author
Saikin, Anthony A.1, Author
Shprits, Yuri2, Author              
Affiliations:
1External Organizations, ou_persistent22              
22.8 Magnetospheric Physics, 2.0 Geophysics, Departments, GFZ Publication Database, Deutsches GeoForschungsZentrum, ou_2239888              

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Free keywords: radiation belts; multi‐MeV electrons; EMIC waves
 Abstract: During geomagnetic storms, the rapid depletion of the high‐energy (several MeV) outer radiation belt electrons is the result of loss to the interplanetary medium through the magnetopause, outward radial diffusion, and loss to the atmosphere due to wave‐particle interactions. We have performed a statistical study of 110 storms using pitch angle resolved electron flux measurements from the Van Allen Probes mission and found that inside of the radiation belt (L * = 3 − 5) the number of storms that result in depletion of electrons with equatorial pitch angle α eq = 30∘ is higher than number of storms that result in depletion of electrons with equatorial pitch angle α eq = 75∘. We conclude that this result is consistent with electron scattering by whistler and electromagnetic ion cyclotron waves. At the outer edge of the radiation belt (L * ≥ 5.2) the number of storms that result in depletion is also large (~40–50%), emphasizing the significance of the magnetopause shadowing effect and outward radial transport.
 Abstract: Plain Language Summary: Protons and electrons form a radiation environment around Earth that can change drastically during so called geomagnetic storms . In this study, we looked at 110 storms to understand how high‐energy electrons can disappear due to different phenomena. We found that it is very common to observe a loss of high‐energy electrons after storms. More often such a loss happens far away from the Earth as the electrons cross the boundary of the magnetosphere. However, closer to Earth the electrons are lost most likely due to the interaction with whistler and electromagnetic ion cyclotron waves , which play an important role in the dynamics of the radiation environment.

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Language(s): eng - English
 Dates: 2019-11-072019
 Publication Status: Finally published
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 Identifiers: DOI: 10.1029/2019JA027332
GFZPOF: p3 PT1 Global Processes
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Title: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics
Source Genre: Journal, SCI, Scopus, p3
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Pages: - Volume / Issue: 124 (11) Sequence Number: - Start / End Page: 8943 - 8953 Identifier: ISSN: 2169-9380
ISSN: 2169-9402
Other: American Geophysical Union (AGU)
Other: Wiley
CoNE: https://gfzpublic.gfz-potsdam.de/cone/journals/resource/jgr_space_physics