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  A long-term (2005–2019) eddy covariance data set of CO2 and H2O fluxes from the Tibetan alpine steppe

Nieberding, F., Wille, C., Fratini, G., Asmussen, M. O., Wang, Y., Ma, Y., Sachs, T. (2020): A long-term (2005–2019) eddy covariance data set of CO2 and H2O fluxes from the Tibetan alpine steppe. - Earth System Science Data, 12, 4, 2705-2724.
https://doi.org/10.5194/essd-12-2705-2020

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Item Permalink: https://gfzpublic.gfz-potsdam.de/pubman/item/item_5004025 Version Permalink: https://gfzpublic.gfz-potsdam.de/pubman/item/item_5004025_1
Genre: Journal Article

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 Creators:
Nieberding, Felix1, Author              
Wille, C.1, Author              
Fratini, Gerardo2, Author
Asmussen, Magnus O.2, Author
Wang, Yuyang2, Author
Ma, Yaoming2, Author
Sachs, T.1, Author              
Affiliations:
11.4 Remote Sensing, 1.0 Geodesy, Departments, GFZ Publication Database, Deutsches GeoForschungsZentrum, ou_146028              
2External Organizations, ou_persistent22              

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 Abstract: The Tibetan alpine steppe ecosystem covers an area of roughly 800 000 km2 and contains up to 3.3 % soil organic carbon in the uppermost 30 cm, summing up to 1.93 Pg C for the Tibet Autonomous Region only (472 037 km2). With temperatures rising 2 to 3 times faster than the global average, these carbon stocks are at risk of loss due to enhanced soil respiration. The remote location and the harsh environmental conditions on the Tibetan Plateau (TP) make it challenging to derive accurate data on the ecosystem–atmosphere exchange of carbon dioxide (CO2) and water vapor (H2O). Here, we provide the first multiyear data set of CO2 and H2O fluxes from the central Tibetan alpine steppe ecosystem, measured in situ using the eddy covariance technique. The calculated fluxes were rigorously quality checked and carefully corrected for a drift in concentration measurements. The gas analyzer self-heating effect during cold conditions was evaluated using the standard correction procedure and newly revised formulations (Burba et al., 2008; Frank and Massman, 2020). A wind field analysis was conducted to identify influences of adjacent buildings on the turbulence regime and to exclude the disturbed fluxes from subsequent computations. The presented CO2 fluxes were additionally gap filled using a standardized approach. The very low net carbon uptake across the 15-year data set highlights the special vulnerability of the Tibetan alpine steppe ecosystem to become a source of CO2 due to global warming. The data are freely available at https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3733202 (Nieberding et al., 2020a) and https://doi.org/10.11888/Meteoro.tpdc.270333 (Nieberding et al., 2020b) and may help us to better understand the role of the Tibetan alpine steppe in the global carbon–climate feedback.

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Language(s): eng - English
 Dates: 2020-11-112020
 Publication Status: Finally published
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 Identifiers: GFZPOF: p3 PT3 Earth Surface and Climate Interactions
DOI: 10.5194/essd-12-2705-2020
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Title: Earth System Science Data
Source Genre: Journal, SCI, Scopus, p3, oa
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Pages: - Volume / Issue: 12 (4) Sequence Number: - Start / End Page: 2705 - 2724 Identifier: CoNE: https://gfzpublic.gfz-potsdam.de/cone/journals/resource/journals2_126