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  Climate Variability in Central Europe during the Last 2500 Years Reconstructed from Four High-Resolution Multi-Proxy Speleothem Records

Waltgenbach, S., Riechelmann, D. F. C., Spötl, C., Jochum, K. P., Fohlmeister, J., Schröder-Ritzrau, A., Scholz, D. (2021): Climate Variability in Central Europe during the Last 2500 Years Reconstructed from Four High-Resolution Multi-Proxy Speleothem Records. - Geosciences, 11, 4, 166.
https://doi.org/10.3390/geosciences11040166

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Item Permalink: https://gfzpublic.gfz-potsdam.de/pubman/item/item_5006623 Version Permalink: https://gfzpublic.gfz-potsdam.de/pubman/item/item_5006623_1
Genre: Journal Article

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 Creators:
Waltgenbach, Sarah1, Author
Riechelmann, Dana F. C.1, Author
Spötl, Christoph1, Author
Jochum, Klaus P.1, Author
Fohlmeister, Jens2, Author              
Schröder-Ritzrau, Andrea1, Author
Scholz, Denis1, Author
Affiliations:
1External Organizations, ou_persistent22              
24.3 Climate Dynamics and Landscape Evolution, 4.0 Geosystems, Departments, GFZ Publication Database, Deutsches GeoForschungsZentrum, ou_146046              

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Free keywords: δ18O; δ13C; trace elements; climate anomaly; Little Ice Age; Medieval Warm Period; Dark Ages Cold Period; Roman Warm Period
 Abstract: The Late Holocene was characterized by several centennial-scale climate oscillations including the Roman Warm Period, the Dark Ages Cold Period, the Medieval Warm Period and the Little Ice Age. The detection and investigation of such climate anomalies requires paleoclimate archives with an accurate chronology as well as a high temporal resolution. Here, we present 230Th/U-dated high-resolution multi-proxy records (δ13C, δ18O and trace elements) for the last 2500 years of four speleothems from Bunker Cave and the Herbstlabyrinth cave system in Germany. The multi-proxy data of all four speleothems show evidence of two warm and two cold phases during the last 2500 years, which coincide with the Roman Warm Period and the Medieval Warm Period, as well as the Dark Ages Cold Period and the Little Ice Age, respectively. During these four cold and warm periods, the δ18O and δ13C records of all four speleothems and the Mg concentration of the speleothems Bu4 (Bunker Cave) and TV1 (Herbstlabyrinth cave system) show common features and are thus interpreted to be related to past climate variability. Comparison with other paleoclimate records suggests a strong influence of the North Atlantic Oscillation at the two caves sites, which is reflected by warm and humid conditions during the Roman Warm Period and the Medieval Warm Period, and cold and dry climate during the Dark Ages Cold period and the Little Ice Age. The Mg records of speleothems Bu1 (Bunker Cave) and NG01 (Herbstlabyrinth) as well as the inconsistent patterns of Sr, Ba and P suggests that the processes controlling the abundance of these trace elements are dominated by site-specific effects rather than being related to supra-regional climate variability.

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 Dates: 2021-04-062021
 Publication Status: Finally published
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 Identifiers: DOI: 10.3390/geosciences11040166
GFZPOF: p4 T2 Ocean and Cryosphere
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Title: Geosciences
Source Genre: Journal, Scopus, oa
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Pages: - Volume / Issue: 11 (4) Sequence Number: 166 Start / End Page: - Identifier: CoNE: https://gfzpublic.gfz-potsdam.de/cone/journals/resource/1710112
Publisher: MDPI