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  A Holocene relative sea-level database for the Baltic Sea

Rosentau, A., Klemann, V., Bennike, O., Steffen, H., Wehr, J., Latinovic, M., Bagge, M., Ojala, A., Berglund, M., Becher, G. P., Schoning, K., Hansson, A., Nielsen, L., Clemmensen, L. B., Hede, M. U., Kroon, A., Pejrup, M., Sander, L., Stattegger, K., Schwarzer, K., Lampe, R., Lampe, M., Uścinowicz, S., Bitinas, A., Grudzinska, I., Vassiljev, J., Nirgi, T., Kublitskiy, Y., Subetto, D. (2021): A Holocene relative sea-level database for the Baltic Sea. - Quaternary Science Reviews, 266, 107071.
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.quascirev.2021.107071

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Item Permalink: https://gfzpublic.gfz-potsdam.de/pubman/item/item_5007315 Version Permalink: https://gfzpublic.gfz-potsdam.de/pubman/item/item_5007315_2
Genre: Journal Article

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 Creators:
Rosentau, Alar1, Author
Klemann, V.2, Author              
Bennike, Ole1, Author
Steffen, Holger1, Author
Wehr, Jasmin1, Author
Latinovic, Milena3, Author              
Bagge, Meike2, Author              
Ojala, Antti1, Author
Berglund, Mikael1, Author
Becher, Gustaf Peterson1, Author
Schoning, Kristian1, Author
Hansson, Anton1, Author
Nielsen, Lars1, Author
Clemmensen, Lars B.1, Author
Hede, Mikkel U.1, Author
Kroon, Aart1, Author
Pejrup, Morten1, Author
Sander, Lasse1, Author
Stattegger, Karl1, Author
Schwarzer, Klaus1, Author
Lampe, Reinhard1, AuthorLampe, Matthias1, AuthorUścinowicz, Szymon1, AuthorBitinas, Albertas1, AuthorGrudzinska, Ieva1, AuthorVassiljev, Jüri1, AuthorNirgi, Triine1, AuthorKublitskiy, Yuriy1, AuthorSubetto, Dmitry1, Author more..
Affiliations:
1External Organizations, ou_persistent22              
21.3 Earth System Modelling, 1.0 Geodesy, Departments, GFZ Publication Database, Deutsches GeoForschungsZentrum, ou_146027              
34.4 Hydrology, 4.0 Geosystems, Departments, GFZ Publication Database, Deutsches GeoForschungsZentrum, ou_146048              

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 Abstract: We present a compilation and analysis of 1099 Holocene relative shore-level (RSL) indicators located around the Baltic Sea including 867 relative sea-level data points and 232 data points from the Ancylus Lake and the following transitional phase. The spatial distribution covers the Baltic Sea and near-coastal areas fairly well, but some gaps remain mainly in Sweden. RSL data follow the standardized HOLSEA format and, thus, are ready for spatially comprehensive applications in, e.g., glacial isostatic adjustment (GIA) modelling. We apply a SQL database system to store the nationally provided data sets in their individual form and to map the different input into the HOLSEA format as the information content of the individual data sets from the Baltic Sea area differs. About 80% of the RSL data is related to the last marine stage in Baltic Sea history after 8.5 ka BP (thousand years before present). These samples are grouped according to their dominant RSL tendencies into three clusters: regions with negative, positive and complex (transitional) RSL tendencies. Overall, regions with isostatic uplift driven negative tendencies dominate and show regression in the Baltic Sea basin during the last marine stage. Shifts from positive to negative tendencies in RSL data from transitional regions show a mid-Holocene highstand around 7.5–6.5 ka BP which is consistent with the end of the final melting of the Laurentide Ice Sheet. Comparisons of RSL data with GIA predictions including global ICE-5G and ICE-6G_C ice histories show good fit with RSL data from the regions with negative tendencies, whereas in the transitional areas in the eastern Baltic, predictions for the mid-Holocene clearly overestimate the RSL and fail to recover the mid-Holocene RSL highstand derived from the proxy reconstructions. These results motivate improvements of ice-sheet and Earth-structure models and show the potential and benefits of the new compilation for future studies.

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 Dates: 20212021
 Publication Status: Finally published
 Pages: -
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 Rev. Type: -
 Identifiers: DOI: 10.1016/j.quascirev.2021.107071
GFZPOF: p4 T2 Ocean and Cryosphere
GFZPOFWEITERE: p4 T5 Future Landscapes
OATYPE: Hybrid Open Access
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Title: Quaternary Science Reviews
Source Genre: Journal, SCI, Scopus
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Pages: - Volume / Issue: 266 Sequence Number: 107071 Start / End Page: - Identifier: ISSN: 0277-3791
ISSN: 1873-457X
CoNE: https://gfzpublic.gfz-potsdam.de/cone/journals/resource/journals418
Publisher: Elsevier