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Sensitivity kernels for static and dynamic tomography of scattering and absorbing media with elastic waves: a probabilistic approach

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ZHANG,  TUO
2.4 Seismology, 2.0 Geophysics, Departments, GFZ Publication Database, Deutsches GeoForschungsZentrum;

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Sens-Schönfelder,  C.
2.4 Seismology, 2.0 Geophysics, Departments, GFZ Publication Database, Deutsches GeoForschungsZentrum;

Margerin,  L.
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Citation

ZHANG, T., Sens-Schönfelder, C., Margerin, L. (2021): Sensitivity kernels for static and dynamic tomography of scattering and absorbing media with elastic waves: a probabilistic approach. - Geophysical Journal International, 225, 3, 1824-1853.
https://doi.org/10.1093/gji/ggab048


Cite as: https://gfzpublic.gfz-potsdam.de/pubman/item/item_5008334
Abstract
Scattered seismic coda waves are frequently used to characterize small scale medium heterogeneities, intrinsic attenuation or temporal changes of wave velocity. Spatial variability of these properties raises questions about the spatial sensitivity of seismic coda waves. Especially the continuous monitoring of medium perturbations using ambient seismic noise led to a demand for approaches to image perturbations observed with coda waves. An efficient approach to localize spatial and temporal variations of medium properties is to invert the observations from different source–receiver combinations and different lapse times in the coda for the location of the perturbations. For such an inversion, it is key to calculate the coda-wave sensitivity kernels which describe the connection between observations and the perturbation. Most discussions of sensitivity kernels use the acoustic approximation in a spatially uniform medium and often assume wave propagation in the diffusion regime. We model 2-D multiple non-isotropic scattering in a random elastic medium with spatially variable heterogeneity and attenuation using the radiative transfer equations which we solve with the Monte Carlo method. Recording of the specific energy density of the wavefield that contains the complete information about the energy density at a given position, time and propagation direction allows us to calculate sensitivity kernels according to rigorous theoretical derivations. The practical calculation of the kernels involves the solution of the adjoint radiative transport equations. We investigate sensitivity kernels that describe the relationships between changes of the model in P- and S-wave velocity, P- and S-wave attenuation and the strength of fluctuation on the one hand and seismogram envelope, traveltime changes and waveform decorrelation as observables on the other hand. These sensitivity kernels reflect the effect of the spatial variations of medium properties on the wavefield and constitute the first step in the development of a tomographic inversion approach for the distribution of small-scale heterogeneity based on scattered waves.