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Journal Article

Geobiology of a lower Cambrian carbonate platform, Pedroche Formation, Ossa Morena Zone, Spain


Creveling,  Jessica R.
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Fernández-Remolar,  David
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Rodríguez-Martínez,  Marta
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Menéndez,  Silvia
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Bergmann,  Kristin D.
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Gill,  Benjamin C.
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Abelson,  John
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Amils,  Ricardo
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Ehlmann,  Bethany L.
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García-Bellido,  Diego C.
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Grotzinger,  John P.
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Hallmann,  Christian
0 Pre-GFZ, Departments, GFZ Publication Database, Deutsches GeoForschungsZentrum;

Stack,  Kathryn M.
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Knoll,  Andrew H.
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Creveling, J. R., Fernández-Remolar, D., Rodríguez-Martínez, M., Menéndez, S., Bergmann, K. D., Gill, B. C., Abelson, J., Amils, R., Ehlmann, B. L., García-Bellido, D. C., Grotzinger, J. P., Hallmann, C., Stack, K. M., Knoll, A. H. (2013): Geobiology of a lower Cambrian carbonate platform, Pedroche Formation, Ossa Morena Zone, Spain. - Palaeogeography Palaeoclimatology Palaeoecology, 386, 459-478.

Cite as: https://gfzpublic.gfz-potsdam.de/pubman/item/item_5009625
The Cambrian Pedroche Formation comprises a mixed siliciclastic–carbonate succession recording subtidal deposition on a marine platform. Carbonate carbon isotope chemostratigraphy confirms previous biostratigraphic assignment of the Pedroche Formation to the Atdabanian regional stage of Siberia, correlative to Cambrian Series 2. At the outcrop scale, thrombolitic facies comprise ~ 60% of carbonate-normalized stratigraphy and coated-grains another ~ 10%. Petrographic point counts reveal that skeletons contribute at most 20% to thrombolitic inter-reef and reef-flank lithologies; on average, archaeocyath clasts make up 68% of skeletal materials. In contrast, petrographic point counts show that skeletons comprise a negligible volume of biohermal and biostromal thrombolite, associated nodular carbonate facies, and ooid, oncoid and peloid grainstone facies. As such, archaeocyathan reefal bioconstructions represent a specific and limited locus of skeletal carbonate production and deposition. Consistent with data from coeval, globally dispersed lower Cambrian successions, our analysis of the Pedroche Formation supports the view that lower Cambrian carbonates have more in common with earlier, Neoproterozoic deposits than with younger carbonates dominated by skeletal production and accumulation.