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Zircon as a Recorder of Trace Element Changes during High-Grade Metamorphism of Neoarchean Lower Crust, Shevaroy Block, Eastern Dharwar Craton, India


Harlov,  D. E.
3.6 Chemistry and Physics of Earth Materials, 3.0 Geochemistry, Departments, GFZ Publication Database, Deutsches GeoForschungsZentrum;

Dunkley,  Daniel J.
External Organizations;

Hansen,  Edward C.
External Organizations;

Ishwar-Kumar,  C.
External Organizations;

Samuel,  Vinod
External Organizations;

Hokada,  Tomokazu
External Organizations;

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Harlov, D. E., Dunkley, D. J., Hansen, E. C., Ishwar-Kumar, C., Samuel, V., Hokada, T. (2022): Zircon as a Recorder of Trace Element Changes during High-Grade Metamorphism of Neoarchean Lower Crust, Shevaroy Block, Eastern Dharwar Craton, India. - Journal of Petrology, 63, 5, 1-44.

Cite as: https://gfzpublic.gfz-potsdam.de/pubman/item/item_5012717
Systematic changes in whole-rock chemistry, mineralogy, mineral textures, and mineral chemistry are seen along a ca. 95-km traverse of late Archean granitoid orthogneisses in the Shevaroy Block, Eastern Dharwar Craton, southern India. The traverse passes from amphibolite-grade gneisses in the north to granulite-grade rocks (charnockite) in the south. Changes include whole-rock depletion of Rb, Cs, Th, and U in the granulite grade rocks as relative to the amphibolite grade gneisses, and oxidation trends regionally from highly oxidised granulite-facies rocks near the magnetite–haematite buffer to relatively reduced amphibolite-facies rocks below the fayalite-magnetite-quartz. Rare earth elements show limited mobility and are hosted a variety of minerals whose presence is dependent on the metamorphic grade ranging from titanite and allanite in the amphibolite-facies rocks to monazite in the vicinity of the orthopyroxene-in isograd to apatite in the granulite-grade charnockite. Cathodoluminescence and back-scattered electron sub-grain imaging and sensitive high-resolution ion microprobe analysis of zircon from 29 samples of dioritic, tonalitic, and granitic orthogneiss from the traverse reveals magmatic zircon cores that record the emplacement of the granitoid protoliths mostly about 2580 to 2550 Ma, along with a few older mid to late Archean tonalites. Protolith zircon was modified during metamorphism by overgrowth and/or replacement. Relative to igneous cores, U-enriched metamorphic zircon, dominant in the amphibolite-grade gneisses, formed at ca. 2530 Ma, predating retrograde titanite growth at ca. 2500 Ma. Uranium-depleted mantles grew on zircon between 2530 and 2500 Ma in granulite-grade samples south of the orthopyroxene-in isograd. In some of these samples, the U-depleted metamorphic zircon is preceded by mantles of U-undepleted zircon, indicating a progression of metamorphic zircon growth with increasingly depleted compositions between 2530 and 2500 Ma. With increasing metamorphic grade (from amphibolite to granulite) and oxidation state, allanite and monazite disappear from the assemblage and zircon became depleted in U and Th. Whole-rock U-Th compositions became decoupled from relict magmatic zircon compositions, reflecting the development of U-depleted metamorphic zircon and indicating that whole-rock chemical differences along the traverse were produced during metamorphism, rather than just reflecting differences in dioritic vs granitic protoliths. Although in situ anatexis and melt extraction may have played a role, whole-rock and zircon depletion of trace elements can be explained by the action of externally derived, oxidising, low-H2 O activity hypersaline fluids migrating up through the mid to lower crust. Fluids and element migration during metamorphism may be the end result of subduction related processes that cumulated in the collision and concatenation of island arcs and continental blocks. These tectonic processes assembled the Dharwar Craton at the end of the Archean.