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Journal Article

Detection of geothermal anomalies in the Northern Lake Abaya geothermal field, Main Ethiopian Rift


Weldeyohannes,  Tsion Taye
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Hailu,  Binyam Tesfaw
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Muluneh,  Ameha A.
2.5 Geodynamic Modelling, 2.0 Geophysics, Departments, GFZ Publication Database, Deutsches GeoForschungsZentrum;

Kidane,  Tesfaye
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Weldeyohannes, T. T., Hailu, B. T., Muluneh, A. A., Kidane, T. (2022): Detection of geothermal anomalies in the Northern Lake Abaya geothermal field, Main Ethiopian Rift. - Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 430, 107638.

Cite as: https://gfzpublic.gfz-potsdam.de/pubman/item/item_5013013
The detection of geothermal anomalies using Thermal Infrared (TIR) remote sensing data is challenging because of how sensor specifications (such as the infrared wavelength used for the measurement, spectral dependence of the emissivity, angle at which the measurement is made, state of the surface and height of the sensor above the surface) and physical parameters (such as solar radiation, topography, albedo, soil compaction and coherence of rocks) affect Land Surface Temperature (LST) retrieval and analysis. This work tests whether TIR remote sensing measurements with thorough spatial and temporal sampling can improve LST retrievals. Multi-temporal TIR data from 2000 through 2019 from Landsat 7 and 8 TIR instruments and the Advanced Spaceborne Thermal Emission and Reflection Radiometer (ASTER) were used to detect geothermal areas in the geologically active region of the southern Main Ethiopian Rift. In addition, field-based temperature data from 19 sites were evaluated for comparison to the remotely detected geothermal anomaly areas. We have used the single-channel algorithm and Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI) method of emissivity retrieval to derive LST for each year. The result shows that the mean LST is highest in 2003 (320.1 K) and lowest in 2019 (303.1 K). The change in mean LST was between −9 K to 13 K. These LST results from ASTER images were validated with MODIS LST products and showed a correlation coefficient >0.6. LST of the year 2003 has been much closer to the actual temperature value from field data. Fifteen sites (79%) fit with the identified geothermal anomaly areas. LST values in known geothermal activity sites show no correlation (< 0.5) with time attesting. That is, even though LST varies with time (e.g., day and night and seasonal changes), the LST of areas with geothermal potential remain more or less constant on yearly basis.