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Journal Article

Simultaneous inhibition of natural gas hydrate formation and CO2/H2S corrosion for flow assurance inside the oil and gas pipelines


Farhadian,  Abdolreza
External Organizations;

Zhao,  Yang
External Organizations;


Naeiji,  Parisa
3.1 Inorganic and Isotope Geochemistry, 3.0 Geochemistry, Departments, GFZ Publication Database, Deutsches GeoForschungsZentrum;

Rahimi,  Alireza
External Organizations;

Berisha,  Avni
External Organizations;

Zhang,  Lunxiang
External Organizations;

Rizi,  Zahra Taheri
External Organizations;

Iravani,  Danial
External Organizations;

Zhao,  Jiafei
External Organizations;

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Farhadian, A., Zhao, Y., Naeiji, P., Rahimi, A., Berisha, A., Zhang, L., Rizi, Z. T., Iravani, D., Zhao, J. (2023): Simultaneous inhibition of natural gas hydrate formation and CO2/H2S corrosion for flow assurance inside the oil and gas pipelines. - Energy, 269, 126797.

Cite as: https://gfzpublic.gfz-potsdam.de/pubman/item/item_5015828
Compatibility problems are observed during the co-injection of corrosion and gas hydrate inhibitors inside oil and gas pipelines, which reduces their performance. In this study, the newly synthesized dual-purpose inhibitors (DPIs) were developed to overcome the compatibility challenge between the inhibitors. A detailed experimental and computational study was performed to investigate the inhibition activity of DPIs. The results of constant cooling experiments showed that the inhibitors significantly prevented natural gas hydrate formation. DPI2 with a propyl pendant group was the best sample by providing a subcooling temperature of 18.1 °C at 5000 ppm. DPI1 and DPI3 decreased gas consumption by 2.6 and 2.4 times, respectively, compared to pure water. In addition, molecular dynamics simulation revealed that the transportation of gas molecules to the growing hydrate cages was disrupted due to DPI2 adsorption on the surface of the hydrate, which partially covered it and acted as a mass transfer barrier. Furthermore, the interaction of the anion part of the inhibitor with the nearest neighbor water molecules lowered the water activity to form the hydrogen-bonding networks for the hydrate formation. According to corrosion measurements, DPIs suppressed the corrosion rate of mild steel in H2S–CO2 saturated oilfield-produced water, and a maximum inhibition efficiency of 96.3% was obtained by adding 1000 ppm of DPI2. Moreover, the estimated adsorption energy of DPI2 were relatively high and matched with experimental data, implying that the inhibitor has a high degree of adsorption on the metal for forming a protective layer on the mild steel surface. These findings signified that DPIs provide a potential hybrid inhibition of corrosion and gas hydrate formation for flow assurance applications and reduce the operation costs.