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Journal Article

Numerical Simulation of Thermo-Hydro-Mechanical Processes at Soultz-sous-Forêts


Mahmoodpour,  Saeed
External Organizations;

Singh,  Mrityunjay
External Organizations;

Mahyapour,  Ramin
External Organizations;

Tangirala,  Sri Kalyan
External Organizations;

Bär,  Kristian
External Organizations;


Sass,  Ingo
4.8 Geoenergy, 4.0 Geosystems, Departments, GFZ Publication Database, Deutsches GeoForschungsZentrum;

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Mahmoodpour, S., Singh, M., Mahyapour, R., Tangirala, S. K., Bär, K., Sass, I. (2022): Numerical Simulation of Thermo-Hydro-Mechanical Processes at Soultz-sous-Forêts. - Energies, 15, 24, 9285.

Cite as: https://gfzpublic.gfz-potsdam.de/pubman/item/item_5015099
Porosity and permeability alteration due to the thermo-poro-elastic stress field disturbance from the cold fluid injection is a deciding factor for longer, more economic, and safer heat extraction from an enhanced geothermal system (EGS). In the Soultz-sous-Forêts geothermal system, faulted zones are the main flow paths, and the resulting porosity–permeability development over time due to stress reorientation is more sensitive in comparison with the regions without faulted zones. Available operational and field data are combined through a validated numerical simulation model to examine the mechanical impact on the pressure and temperature evolution. Results shows that near the injection wellbore zones, permeability and porosity values are strongly affected by stress field changes, and that permeability changes will affect the overall temperature and pressure of the system, demonstrating a fully coupled phenomenon. In some regions inside the faulted zones and close to injection wellbores, porosity doubles, whereas permeability may be enhanced up to 30 times. A sensitivity analysis is performed using two parameters which are not well discussed in the literature the for mechanical aspect, but the results in this study show that one of them impacts significantly on the porosity–permeability changes. Further experimental and field works on this parameter will help to model the heat extraction more precisely than before.