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Geochemical implications of uranium-bearing thucholite aggregates in the Upper Permian Kupferschiefer shale, Lubin district, Poland

Authors
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Syczewski,  Marcin D.
3.5 Interface Geochemistry, 3.0 Geochemistry, Departments, GFZ Publication Database, Deutsches GeoForschungsZentrum;

Panajew,  Paweł
External Organizations;

Marynowski,  Leszek
External Organizations;

Waliczek,  Marta
External Organizations;

Borkowski,  Andrzej
External Organizations;

Rohovec,  Jan
External Organizations;

Matoušková,  Šárka
External Organizations;

Sekudewicz,  Ilona
External Organizations;

Liszewska,  Malwina
External Organizations;

Jankiewicz,  Bartłomiej
External Organizations;

Mukhamed’yarova,  Aliya N.
External Organizations;

Słowakiewicz,  Mirosław
External Organizations;

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Citation

Syczewski, M. D., Panajew, P., Marynowski, L., Waliczek, M., Borkowski, A., Rohovec, J., Matoušková, Š., Sekudewicz, I., Liszewska, M., Jankiewicz, B., Mukhamed’yarova, A. N., Słowakiewicz, M. (2024 online): Geochemical implications of uranium-bearing thucholite aggregates in the Upper Permian Kupferschiefer shale, Lubin district, Poland. - Mineralium Deposita.
https://doi.org/10.1007/s00126-024-01279-y


Cite as: https://gfzpublic.gfz-potsdam.de/pubman/item/item_5025991
Abstract
New inorganic and organic geochemical data from thucholite in the Upper Permian (Wuchiapingian) Kupferschiefer (T1) shale collected at the Polkowice-Sieroszowice Cu-Ag mine in Poland are presented. Thucholite, which forms spherical or granular clusters, appears scattered in the T1 dolomitic shale at the oxic-anoxic boundary occurring within the same shale member. The composition of thucholite concretions and the T1 shale differs by a higher content of U- and REE-enriched mineral phases within the thucholite concretions compared to the T1 shale, suggesting a different mineralising history. The differences also comprise higher Ntot, Ctot, Htot, Stot contents and higher C/N, C/S ratios in thucholite than in the T1 shale. The hydrocarbon composition of the thucholite and the surrounding T1 shale also varies. Both are dominated by polycyclic aromatic compounds and their phenyl derivatives. However, higher abundances of unsubstituted polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in the thucholite are indicative of its pyrogenic origin. Pyrolytic compounds such as benz[a]anthracene or benzo[a]pyrene are more typical of the thucholite than the T1 shale. Microscopic observations of the thucholite and its molecular composition suggest that it represents well-rounded small charcoal fragments. These charcoals were formed during low-temperature combustion, as confirmed by semifusinite reflectance values, indicating surface fire temperatures of about 400 °C, and the absence of the high-temperature pyrogenic polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons. Charred detrital particles, likely the main source of insoluble organic matter in the thucholite, migrated to the sedimentary basin in the form of spherical carbonaceous particulates, which adsorbed uranium and REE in particular, which would further explain their different contents and sorption properties in the depositional environment. Finally, the difference in mineral content between thucholite and the T1 shale could also have been caused by microbes, which might have formed biofilms on mineral particles, and caused a change in the original mineral composition.